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Drivers are those “assumptions” and “forces” that give an individual the impetus to act. Blockers, on the other hand, are the “assumptions” and “forces” that stand in the way of change, even when individuals rationally desire to adopt new behaviours.

The Powerful Drivers and Blockers of Leadership

By: EBR | Thursday, August 1, 2019

When Olivia, a global marketing head, received peer feedback that she continuously monopolised work conversations, she readily recognised her problem. However, all past efforts to restrain herself had failed

Social challenges to innovation in health should not be ignored. Many people around the world lack access to quality healthcare. Rising health costs are also an issue, in particular, out-of-pocket payments by private households without complete medical insurance.

The World’s Most Innovative Countries, 2019

By: EBR | Thursday, August 1, 2019

Continuing innovations in health and medicine have led to economic growth and a better quality of life for many around the world. But inequalities could grow rapidly

Chinese state television lacks any semblance of balance. Its reporting emphasizes violence on the part of the protesters. At the same time, it downplays the magnitude of what until recently were non-violent demonstrations against the steady erosion of democratic freedoms.

Two Chinas: Hong Kong and Shanghai

By: EBR | Thursday, August 1, 2019

The people of Hong Kong are fighting a very courageous battle against very long odds. Meanwhile, people in Shanghai live well under a Faustian bargain with the CCP

The first key trend is the Russia-West rivalry. Focused mostly on the Eurasian continent, it is a rivalry of economic and integration models. It bears little resemblance to the Cold War militarily, although certain aspects of political rivalry are also obvious. The scale of deployed forces and assets are lower by an order of magnitude than the threshold levels of the late 1980s, while the preparations made after the Ukraine crisis are very much unlike the efforts to raise an army of invasion or a force grouping deployed by the Warsaw Treaty Organization and NATO in Germany.

A major war between leading military powers is now impossible. Here’s why

By: EBR | Friday, July 26, 2019

Despite growing signs of military preparations under way in leading countries, there is every reason to believe that a major war is impossible in modern international relations, as is evidenced, inter alia, by the recent Indian-Pakistani war crisis that involved an exchange of air strikes and took a toll of several hundred lives

These 10 globally leading hubs have built a strong reputation for having plentiful start-ups and small businesses. New York City, for example, owns the number two slot for start-up ecosystems in part because it has more than 9,000 start-ups, numerous unicorns and high global connectedness (a measure of how much founders are connected with other top global ecosystems). Alternately, Beijing has been steadily moving up the ecosystem ranks in part to being home to more than 1,000 AI companies, which is one of the four fastest-growing startup sub-sectors globally

The next start-up cities that will transform the global economy

By: EBR | Friday, July 26, 2019

During the past decade, much of the discussion about start-up ecosystems has been centered on the question of which city or region will become “the next Silicon Valley”

For Boris Johnson, it has been a life-long ambition to become Prime Minister of his country.Coincidentally, the same holds true for Theresa May, only to resign having found the Brexit “knot” impossible to untie. Now “BoJo” moves to No. 10 to see if he is any more seaworthy than Mrs. May.The divisions that thwarted Mrs. May’s serious efforts at resolving the inner divisions of the country she led proved insurmountable for her.

Boris Johnson and Britain’s Deep-Rooted Divisions

By: EBR | Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Johnson has claimed that he can unite the country under his leadership. That seems a practical impossibility

Children’s trafficking and exploitation is a widespread phenomenon that is causing enormous suffering throughout the world. It can take several forms such as forced labor, sexual exploitation and child begging, among other practices.It is estimated that four million women and girls worldwide are bought and sold each year either into marriage, prostitution or slavery. Over one million children enter the sex trade every year. Although most are girls, boys are also victims.

Child Trafficking: A Global Scourge

By: EBR | Wednesday, July 24, 2019

The elimination of child exploitation is a daunting task. But it is achievable if effective programs are put in place

The spillover of the US-China trade and technology frictions is adding additional uncertainties to the industry’s future. The Chinese AI industry advanced during the heyday of free academic exchanges, thriving global open-source communities, and free talent flows between the United States and China. The continuation of these elements can no longer be taken for granted going forward.As such, artificial intelligence in China has entered a stage of rationalization and recalibration, leading to greater unpredictability. China’s AI industry is poised at an inflection point. The question of how China’s AI industry will be shaped in the future becomes more significant, yet less visible.

10 expert predictions for the next decade in Chinese AI

By: EBR | Friday, July 19, 2019

Over the past several years, we have witnessed the blossoming of China’s artificial intelligence industry. Thanks to generous government policy support, and enthusiastic entrepreneurs and venture investors, China commandeered a position that it has not occupied for centuries

One of the natural properties of coffee grounds is that they help eliminate odours – good news for anyone familiar with the smell of well-worn sneakers. And Rens says its shoes are vegan, too.With customers in 57 countries, the firm is about to ramp up production after a successful fundraising campaign. Its coffee collection and shoe-making processes are currently handled in China, but it says it has ambitions to move manufacturing to its founders’ home country of Vietnam.

Your next pair of sneakers could be made from coffee

By: EBR | Friday, July 19, 2019

Coffee is a big deal. While just a handful of countries dominate production, it’s consumed in vast amounts almost everywhere on the planet: around 2 billion cups are drunk every day

We have a vision, which is to build a fairer capitalism. But we also want to have the tools to reach that vision.What do you hope to achieve on the digital tax, given that there is a US investigation on France’s national digital tax?We want to have effective taxation of internet giants. I made very clear from the very beginning that, as soon as there is an international tax on digital companies, we will withdraw our national tax.Instead of putting sanctions against France, I will urge my American friends to enter into a fair negotiation to find a compromise at the G7 level. I really think that the fact that France has introduced a national tax has led to an acceleration of the process within the OECD.

Le Maire: ‘Capitalism is in a dead end, must reinvent itself’

By: EBR | Thursday, July 18, 2019

French finance minister Bruno Le Maire is determined to chair an “efficient” meeting with his colleagues of the G7 countries on Wednesday and Thursday

The United States entered its longest expansion on record (10 years) as of June 2019, and there are increasing questions about whether any reliable indicators can help us forecast the next turning point.Here is a short guide to consider the difficult task of predicting recessions.

The Trick to Predicting Recessions

By: EBR | Thursday, July 18, 2019

At the end of 2008, the Queen of the United Kingdom asked a group of academics from the London School of Economics why nobody had predicted the recession that was just beginning to bite

The issue of geographical balance has been relevant since 2004, but only since the Lisbon Treaty do we talk of ‘top jobs’. Before, there was the Commission president, the Parliament president and Javier Solana.Since 2009, there are other top jobs, including a beefed-up High Representative as the vice-president of the European Commission and chair of the Foreign Affairs Council, and a permanent President of the European Council.

Top EU jobs: Is there a ‘cordon sanitaire’ against Central Europeans?

By: EBR | Thursday, July 18, 2019

There are speculations that the next European Commission will have three vice-presidents, but none of them is from Central and Eastern Europe

Participants either played anonymously or were informed of the identity of their partner, in which case it was one of their Facebook friends. In addition, they were invited to play either a single game or repeated ones with that partner. To gauge the strength of social ties between a pair of players, the researchers tallied the number of their common friends, shared wall posts and photos in which both were tagged.As expected, the level of trust was highest between partners who knew each other and played repeated games with one another. The second highest level of trust was seen between anonymous players who played repeatedly together. Trust was lowest among anonymous players who partnered only once.

Why Negotiators Should Be on Social Networks

By: EBR | Thursday, July 18, 2019

Although social networks can mine people’s data and invade personal privacy, the debate about potentially nefarious aspects of online platforms has not deterred most people from joining them

Ocasio-Cortez and her fellow progressives may not like chafing under Nancy Pelosi’s iron rule in the House, but it seems they don’t realise they now have a choice to make. Do they keep their social media hordes energised and their progressive street cred enhanced by further challenging Pelosi? Or will they simmer down? It’s not clear how the four progressive members or their staffers who were singled out by Pelosi will respond to her verbal spanking. But one lesson they could draw from this is that the House is not a democracy. The speaker isn’t a dictator but with rare exceptions, however everything that happens in the House is directed by her and her lieutenants.

Four women put in jeopardy the Democrat chances to defeat President Trump in 2020

By: EBR | Monday, July 15, 2019

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and four progressive House Democrats led by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio Cortez (D-NY), are having a bitter feud. It teaches us a lot about growing splits within the Democratic Party and how Pelosi is using her power to shut down dissent within her party

A significant benefit that will readily materialize is the increase in economic efficiency, which arises from the reduction in transactions costs and the increase in intra-Eurozone trade. This is because currency conversion costs are eliminated and price transparency is established across the Eurozone, which benefit both consumers and producers. In addition, the elimination of the need to hedge against the risk of exchange rate fluctuations in trade relations with other countries within the Eurozone, further reduce transactions costs, boost trade and reinforce efficiency gains.

On a low-competitiveness country joining the Eurozone: Are there lessons from Greece?

By: EBR | Friday, July 12, 2019

Issues of political economy may influence the decisions and path of a low competitiveness country in adopting the euro. These can have a decisive effect on the eventual outcome and largely determine the country’s economic prospects within the Eurozone

More many years, scientists have attempted, in vain, to alert political authorities about the negative consequences of the current regulatory burden on biotechnology. As part of a consortium over 13 European countries, we could document, with figures in support, that the current anti-GMO political situation in Europe is an impediment to research in order to address agricultural challenges in the future. This is simply not a sustainable path.

Has Europe lost the new biotechnology battle?

By: EBR | Thursday, July 11, 2019

The EU’s rules on GMOs risk stifling innovation in biotechnology and could lead to China and the US increasing their patent domination

The challenges are stark: a collapse in the age-old business model of paying for news; a global tidal wave of misinformation and disinformation, washing away public trust in even the most respected news brands; a splintering Internet with geopolitical tectonic plates threatening to steal the concept of democratized information; a crisis of confidence for truthful news and information in the global attention economy.

Local Media Must be Strengthened if We Wish to Uphold Press Freedom

By: EBR | Thursday, July 11, 2019

This week, hundreds of delegates from around the world will gather in London for the Global Conference for Media Freedom, hosted by the UK and Canadian governments

Developing countries showed different challenges for increasing the coverage, such as massive urbanisation, refugee situations or sometimes isolation. “People there would walk for hours and wait for their jab because they know what these diseases can do.”The Global Monitor Report recently released by the Wellcome Trust, a partner organisation of GAVI, found that around a fifth of people in Europe either disagree or are unsure of whether vaccines are safe.

Vaccines are victim of their own success, global health expert says

By: EBR | Thursday, July 11, 2019

One of the reasons behind the decline in vaccine confidence is that people have become complacent, as diseases that have killed millions of people are no longer here due to the success of vaccination

Trying to change someone’s mind may feel like an exercise in futility. Cognitive nudges provide information and trust the consumer to make better choices. But we found that the only type of experiment that didn’t have a significant impact on healthy eating was providing nutritional information on its own, such as just listing a calorie count. We estimated that descriptive labelling could cut the number of calories consumed per day by about 54 kcal, or the equivalent of five sugar cubes.

Which Healthy Eating Nudges Work Best?

By: EBR | Thursday, July 11, 2019

Our framework shows how to guide consumers to choose healthier food options

Mitsotakis’ stance has provoked scepticism in Greece’s western allies but now he is widely expected to work towards repairing bridges with Berlin and Washington and to ease strains in relations with Brussels.It is no coincidence that after June’s EP elections, when it became clear that ND would easily win in national elections, party officials toned down the rhetoric against the Prespa Agreement.Mitsotakis has repeatedly said that “we don’t agree but we will respect the Agreement”.The new PM is not expected to “rock the boat” and instead, he’s more likely to try cosmetic changes in the setup of relations with North Macedonia.

Will New Democracy undermine the positive momentum in the Western Balkans?

By: EBR | Thursday, July 11, 2019

Following New Democracy’s return to power, there are concerns in Brussels, Berlin and Washington about changes in Greece’s policy towards its Balkan neighbors

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Editor’s Column

The Brexit negotiations near to an end…

N. Peter KramerBy: N. Peter Kramer

On Sunday, Prime Minister Boris Johnson told his cabinet that while he could see a ‘pathway’ to a deal, there was ‘still a significant amount of work’ needed to get there

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